Can Turtles Eat Mushrooms

Can Turtles Eat Mushrooms?

Mushrooms are a type of fungus that come in all shapes, colors, and sizes. Some are edible and can be eaten by humans and animals, while others are poisonous and can cause harm if ingested. But what about turtles? Can turtles eat mushrooms? 

Yes, turtles can eat some types of mushrooms. Shiitake, Portobello, and Button mushrooms are generally safe for turtles, offering protein, fiber, and antioxidants. However, be cautious, as certain mushrooms can be toxic to turtles and must be avoided.

Interested in learning more? Keep reading. We’ll review which mushrooms are safe, how to prepare them, and other foods that might better fit your turtle. Your pet’s health could depend on it!

Are Mushrooms Good for Turtles?

Depending on the type, mushrooms can be good and bad for turtles. Studies have observed turtles consuming mushrooms in the wild, suggesting they can be a natural part of their diet. 

Some of the safe mushrooms for turtles include:

  • Shiitake mushrooms,
  • Portobello mushrooms,
  • Button mushrooms,
  • Field Mushroom, 
  • Puffball, 
  • Chanterelle, 
  • Blue Stalk, 
  • Parasol,
  • Oyster.

These mushrooms can offer nutrients like protein, fiber, and antioxidants which can benefit your turtle’s health when included as a significant or exclusive component in their diet.

Conversely, certain mushrooms are highly poisonous and should never be fed to turtles. These include:

  • Amanita mushrooms
  • Psilocybin mushrooms
  • False morel mushrooms etc.

Can Turtles Eat Mushrooms?

Many species of turtles, including Redfoots, Yellowfoots, Box Turtles, and Wood Turtles, can safely eat mushrooms. Some mushrooms are low in calories, high in nutrients, and easy to digest for turtles. They also provide fiber, antioxidants, and protein to the turtle’s diet. However, others are toxic and should be avoided. 

Can Aquatic Turtles Eat Mushrooms?

Aquatic turtles like to eat various foods, from aquatic plants to small fish. Mushrooms aren’t usually part of their diet. You may give them a small piece of a safe, store-bought mushroom, but making it a regular part of their diet is not advised due to toxicity and digestive issues.

Can Painted Turtles Eat Mushroom?

These turtles mainly eat aquatic plants, small bugs, and sometimes fish. Their digestive systems are tuned to this diet, so introducing mushrooms could cause digestive problems or toxicity. If you’re considering it, consult a vet who specializes in turtles.

Can Sulcata Tortoise Eat Mushrooms?

Native to Africa’s arid regions, Sulcata tortoises mainly eat grasses and hay. Mushrooms aren’t a great fit for them because they lack the fiber crucial for Sulcatas’ digestion. Plus, the protein content in mushrooms could lead to kidney problems in the long run.

Can Russian Tortoises Eat Mushrooms?

These tortoises love leafy greens and veggies. While they can eat small amounts of safe mushrooms, it’s not recommended. Mushrooms lack essential nutrients like calcium, which is vital for these tortoises. Feeding them mushrooms could also mess with their digestive balance.

Can Hermann Tortoises Eat Mushrooms?

Originating from the Mediterranean, Hermann tortoises feast on leafy greens, flowers, and fruits. Mushrooms aren’t native to their diet, so it’s better to skip them. You might think you’re diversifying their diet, but you could be causing more harm than good.

Can Red-Eared Sliders Eat Mushrooms?

These aquatic turtles have a diet consisting of aquatic plants and animal matter. Given their specific dietary needs, mushrooms should be off-limits. They require a diet rich in calcium and Vitamin D, which mushrooms can’t offer.

Read also: Can Turtles Eat Spinach? Exploring Leafy Greens in Turtle Diets

Potential Benefits And Risks of Mushrooms for Turtles

So, what are the possible pros and cons of giving your turtle mushrooms? Let’s break it down:


  • Novelty Factor: Offering mushrooms to your turtle can add a bit of variety to their diet.
  • Nutritional Aspects: Some non-toxic mushrooms contain fiber, and certain types even offer a small amount of protein.
  • Low in Fat: Mushrooms generally contain very little fat, so they won’t cause obesity in your pet.


  • Toxicity: Some mushrooms are toxic and can be fatal to turtles. Identifying safe from unsafe mushrooms is a difficult task, even for experts.
  • Digestive Issues: Mushrooms contain certain complex compounds that turtles may find hard to digest. This can result in diarrhea or constipation.
  • Nutritional Imbalance: Mushrooms don’t have essential nutrients like calcium and Vitamin D that turtles need. A diet heavy in mushrooms could lead to malnutrition.
  • Choking Hazard: Mushrooms can be slippery and might cause choking if not cut into small enough pieces.
  • Potential for Pesticides: Store-bought mushrooms might have pesticides unless you buy organic. Even washing might not get all the chemicals off.
  • Allergic Reactions: While rare, turtles could have an allergic reaction to mushrooms.
  • Risk of Infection: Some mushrooms can carry bacteria like Salmonella, which can harm your turtle.

Mushroom Preparation For Turtles

Here’s how you might prepare mushrooms for your turtle.

1.Choose the Right Type

Not all mushrooms are safe. Go for non-toxic store-bought varieties, e.g., button mushrooms and cremini.

2.Wash Thoroughly

Give them a good rinse to wash off any dirt or chemicals. Organic types are safer because they’re less likely to contain harmful chemicals.

3.Slice Properly

Cut the mushrooms into small pieces your turtle can easily chew and swallow to avoid choking hazards.

4.Cook or Serve Raw?

Cooking mushrooms can make them easier for your turtle to digest. But it can also reduce their nutrient content. If you do cook, don’t add any spices or oils, as these can harm turtles. 

Conversely, serving them raw means fewer nutrients are lost, but the digestive concerns remain.

5.Test in Small Quantities

Start by offering a tiny piece and monitor your turtle closely for any signs of distress, digestive issues, or allergic reactions.

6.Avoid Frequent Feeding

Given the risks and the lack of essential nutrients in mushrooms, mushrooms should only be given occasionally, not regularly.

7.Observe for Side Effects

After feeding, keep an eye out for any unusual behavior or symptoms such as lethargy, vomiting, or changes in bowel habits, and consult your vet immediately if you observe anything concerning.

Alternative For Mushrooms in Turtles Diet

If you’re hesitant about giving your turtle mushrooms, there are many safe alternatives that can keep your pet healthy.

For Aquatic Turtles

  • Aquatic Plants: Duckweed, anacharis, and water hyacinth.
  • Animal Protein: Small pieces of fish or insects like crickets and mealworms.
  • Vegetables: Leafy greens like kale, romaine lettuce, and dandelion leaves

For Tortoises

  • Leafy Greens: Spinach, collard greens, and turnip greens.
  • Vegetables: Carrots, bell peppers, and cucumbers are also safe in moderation.
  • Fruits: Berries, apples, and melons can be given occasionally.

General Guidelines for Both

  • Calcium Sources: A piece of cuttlebone or a calcium supplement can help keep their shells strong.
  • High Fiber Foods: Timothy hay or alfalfa hay can add fiber, especially important for tortoises.
  • Pellets: Turtle and tortoise food pellets are available and made to meet their specific nutritional requirements.

Avoiding Harmful Ingredients for Turtles

Let’s explore harmful ingredients that could pose a risk to your turtles.

Foods to Avoid

  • Citrus Fruits: Lemons, limes, oranges, and other citrus fruits are too acidic for turtles and tortoises and can cause digestive upset.
  • Iceberg Lettuce: While it might seem harmless green, it’s mostly water and offers little nutritional value. Plus, it can cause diarrhea.
  • Meat: Avoid giving meat other than specially formulated turtle/tortoise pellets or occasional insects and fish for certain species. High protein from unsuitable sources can lead to kidney problems.
  • Dairy: Turtles are lactose intolerant. That means no cheese, milk, or yogurt.
  • Processed Foods: Foods like chips or cookies are a definite no-no. These can contain salt, sugar, and other ingredients that can harm turtles.
  • Onions and Garlic: These can cause digestive issues and be toxic in high quantities.
  • Avocado: This is highly toxic to turtles and tortoises.

Precautions with Plant Matter

  • Wild Plants: If you’re considering feeding your turtle plants from your yard, ensure they’re not treated with pesticides or fertilizers.
  • Toxic Plants: Many plants like oleander, foxglove, and rhubarb leaves are poisonous to turtles and tortoises. 

Chemical Concerns

  • Pesticides: Always wash fruits and veggies thoroughly. Consider buying organic to minimize pesticide exposure.
  • Supplements: Be cautious with supplements, whether vitamins or minerals. Excessive supplementation can be just as harmful as a deficiency. 
  • Packaging: Be cautious of any food that comes in packaging. Often, these contain preservatives and other chemicals unsuitable for your turtle or tortoise.


  1.  Can I feed my turtle wild mushrooms?

Feeding wild mushrooms to turtles is risky, as identification can be difficult, and some are toxic.

  1. Do I need to peel the mushrooms before feeding them to my turtle?

No, you don’t need to peel them. Just ensure they are thoroughly washed.

  1. Is it safe to feed my turtle mushroom stems?

The stems of safe mushroom types are generally okay to feed, but as always, cut them into small pieces first.

  1. Can I feed canned or pickled mushrooms to my turtle?

No, these often contain added salt, preservatives, or spices that are unsuitable for turtles. Stick to fresh, organic mushrooms.


So, can turtles eat mushrooms? Yes, some turtle species do eat mushrooms and seem to benefit from them. However, many mushrooms can be downright dangerous. It’s essential to know exactly what type of mushroom you’re offering, and even then, they should only be an occasional treat. While mushrooms can add variety and some nutrients, they should never replace a well-balanced turtle diet.